What are the pros and cons of the assorted Java web frameworks?,
I am considering creating my own website using Java and am trying to decide what framework to use. However, doing a quick search for Java frameworks returns more than 50 to choose from!
My website is just going to be for my own enjoyment of building it in the beginning, but if it becomes popular, it would be good for it to have some scalability, or to at least be able to redesign for that.
What are the main differences between the more popular frameworks? Are there instances where one significantly outperforms the others? For example, high-traffic enterprise applications versus low-traffic small applications. I’m also wondering if some are much easier to learn and use than others.
Is there anyone who has experience with some of these frameworks and can make a recommendation? Does the sheer number of choices just serve as an early warning to avoid Java-based web development where possible?
I’ve used and fairly extensively. I’d really recommend you look those over and pick the one that appears the easiest for you, and to most closely fit the way you prefer to work.
Of them, the most comfortable for me to work with was , due to the lightweight nature of component building and simplicity of page templating. That goes doubly so if you are using your own db code instead of Hibernate or some other framework (I was never completely happy with Wicket Hibernate or Spring Integration).
is great if you don’t mind writing all of your layout in Java. I know that is different now, but I still think that product serves a fairly narrow niche. They change the development model with every major release as well it seems.
is a great product, but it is obviously very different from the others in terms of development model as it is led mainly by one dude. Howard Lewis Ship is no doubt quite smart, but I am disappointed with their decision to basically forget backwards compatibility with each release. Again, though, for your needs this may not matter, and I’ve always found the Tapestry products pleasurable to work against.
has been out for years, and still feels like something that a guy built to fix all of the problems of Struts. Without really understanding all of the problems with Struts. It still has an unfinished feel to it, although the product is obviously very flexible. I use it and have some fondness for it, with great hopes for its future. I think the next release (2.0) to be delivered in JEE6 will really bring it into its own, with a new template syntax (similar to Facelets) and a simplified component model (custom components in only 1 file… finally).
And, of course, there are a million smaller frameworks and tools that get their own following for basic needs, raw , Struts, etc). I generally prefer component oriented frameworks myself, though.
In the end, I’d recommend just taking a look at Tapestry, Wicket, and JSF and just picking the one that feels the best to you. You’ll probably find one that just fits the way you like to work very quickly.
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